Micro Nutrients: Vitamins and Minerals

Micro-nutrients are small compounds needed in minimum amounts to enable the body to produce enzymes, hormones and other substances essential for healthy growth and development.

Micronutrients are essential because they protect our bodies from disease, slow the aging process and help every system in our bodies work properly. The long list of micronutrients functions can range from supporting metabolism to fighting free radicals and promoting overall health.

The body uses dozens of different micronutrients every single hour of every single day to keep us energized and prevent nutritional deficiencies. Specific micronutrient deficiencies can result in various problems like mental impairment, poor digestion, thyroid problems and bone loss.

Among other roles, the main jobs of micronutrients include:

  • synthesizing DNA
  • facilitating growth
  • producing digestive enzymes
  • helping keep a strong metabolism
  • breaking down carbs, fats and proteins into usable energy
  • aiding in bone mineralization
  • helping with hormone production
  • allowing cells to rejuvenate
  • slowing oxidation damage or signs of aging caused by free radicals
  • allowing muscles to move and helping with tissue repair
  • protecting the brain

Commonly referred to as vitamins and minerals micro-nutrients include compounds such as fluoride, selenium, sodium, iodine, copper, and zinc. They also include vitamins such as vitamin C, A, D, E, and K, as well as the B-complex vitamins. Although we need less quantities of micro-nutrients compared to macro-nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, fats), the consequences of their absence can be severe.

Jon Najmabadi

Jon Najmabadi

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